Location and Climate

Kurumkansky is one of the northern districts of Buryatia. Distance from Irkutsk city is about 780 km. The district occupies the upper part of the Barguzinsky intermountain basin, which is bordered by the Barguzinsky and Ikatsky Ranges.
The width of the valley is 30-40 km, the length is more than 200 km. Variety and contrast of amazing landscapes attract travelers all year round.
The climate is extreme continental: winters are little snowy and long (–25°C), summers are short and hot (+26°C), with heavy rainfall in late July and August. Autumns, as a rule are warm and long. Springs are windy, almost without precipitation.

Sand dunes in Kurumkan

Travelling to Barguzin Valley: how to get to Kurumkan

First, you need to get to the capital of Buryatia – Ulan-Ude. There's a regular air service between Moscow and Ulan-Ude. All planes arrive in the Ulan-Ude main airport, and you can get to the center of the city by taxi or bus.
The administrative center of Kurumkansky District, Kurumkan is connected with the rest of the world by a single road "Ulan-Ude–Kurumkan". Every day at 7:30 AM and 11:00 AM (local time: GMT+8) from the bus station "South" in Ulan-Ude to bus station in Kurumkan go buses.
You can use taxi service in Kurumkan (call +7 (924) 771-03-03).
Distance from Kurumkan village to Ulan-Ude city is 411 km, to Barguzin village – 100 km, to Alla thermal springs – 58 km, to Kuchiger thermal springs – 82 km, to Umkhey thermal springs – 102 km, to Buksyken mineral springs – 46 km, to Garga thermal spring – 60 km, to Baragkhan mineral spring – 33 km.

History of the Barguzin Valley exploration

The earlier inhabitants of the ancient country "Bargudzhin-Tokum" – Bargouts or Horchida Mongols represented a big union of ancient Mongol tribes. The ethnonym "Bargouts" comes from the Buryat word "barga", which means "wilderness", "the taiga".
The legends of the Barguzin Buryats tells that Barguzin Is directly related to Genghis Khan: the legendary ancestor of the Mongols Borto-Chino lived in the Barguzin Valley.
In 14-16th centuries Bargouts moved to the modern territory of Inner Mongolian China and still lives there.
In the middle of 17th-century Barguzin Evenk tribe settled the valley. The tribe had about a thousand people who were divided to Limagirs, Balikagirs, Namegirs, Pochegors, Kindigirs, Chilchagirs, Nyakugirs.
From 18th century Buryat Ekhirit tribe inhabited the western part of Lake Baikal and came to the Barguzin Valley. They formed following kins: Shono, Sengelder, Abzay, Buyanday, Segenuud, Emhenuud.
In 1648 a detachment of Cossacks, led by Ivan Galkin founded the Barguzinsky Ostrog (fort).

History of the Barguzin Valley exploration

Religions

Three religions coexist peacefully on the territory of the district – Shamanism, Buddhism and Orthodoxy. From ancient times paganism was playing a major role for people, it was also called "Hara Shazhan". People still refer to Shamans when they have different life situations.
At the beginning of the 19th century, Buddhism and Orthodoxy were spreading in the Barguzin Valley. The first Buddhist temple was founded in Borogol place in 1828. In 1916 the temple was transported to the foot of sacral Barkhan Mountain.
At the turn of the 19-20th centuries, Soodoi Lama (Tsyden Sodoev) was elected as the Head of the Barguzin Datsan. He is considered to be a reincarnate of the great Buddhist philosopher, a hermit of Nagarjuna. Local people respectfully called him "Honorable Teacher". Soodoi Lama was one of the greatest lamas. He could predict future, make wonders, and he was a good spirit and gentleman.
Expansion of Orthodoxy was started with Kurumkansky-Garginsky missionary church, which was built in 1884. During Soviet time all Buddhist and Orthodox churches were closed.

Barkhan-Uula Suburgan in Kurumkansky District

Kurumkan is like a small Tibet

The beginning of the 90s of the 20th century was called "perestroika". It was the time of religions revival. Old datsans like Barguzinsky have been rebuilt.
A new datsan called "Gandan She Duvlin", was founded near Kurumkan. Thanks to Tibetan Lama, a hermit of Geshe Jampa Tinley, all-Russian National Retreat Center for Meditation was opened there. A lot of high-rank ecclesiastics like Jetsun Dhampa Hutuktu IX and others visited these places from very far countries and regions.
The Honorable Geshe Jampa Tinley has chosen the Kurumkan Datsan as a Retreat Center due to the fact that Kurumkan was the motherland of the great Yogin Soodoi Lama. The second reason was a natural beauty with snow covered tops of high mountains and green valley of Barguzin river. Nature helps people to achieve inner harmony in their souls.
That's why Kurumkan was called "A small Tibet".

Buddhist Datsan

Cognitive Tour "Bargudzhin-Tukum"

5 days / 4 nights

The Barguzin Valley is an ancient land keeping memory of a legendary precious country called "Bargudzhin-Tukum" and the Bargouts Tribe. You have a chance to visit the most respectful objects among the Buryat people: worship place to the goddess Yanzhima near the Yarikto village, a sacred Barkhan-Uula Mountain, a marvelous stone Buha-Shuluun (looking like a bull), the terrain of Shuluun-Shenegalzhin with Buddhist stupa (devoted to the famous Soodoi Lama), and beautiful mineral springs of Alla, Kuchiger and Umkhey.
Get acquainted with various cultural traditions, customs, and cuisine of local people that inhabit the Barguzin Valley!

Barguzin Valley

Adventure Horseback Tour "Following Footsteps of Gold-diggers"

10 days / 9 nights

The valley of a mountain rapid river called Garga is considered to be the most beautiful place in Barguzin Region. On the half way to the river, a spa resort Garginsky is situated.
Many years ago here was a well-known trade route along the river. A famous owner of gold mines Mr. Novomeisky, who left Barguzin to Izrael, used this road for bringing equipment for gold mines using local Buryat people horses. In the 1930s the road was repaired with the labor of prisoners. There still can be found traces of that period.
During the trip, you will do a horseback tour following footsteps of gold-diggers (the end of 19th century) from Ikatsky mountain to a gold-field in the place of Caraftit. You will visit preserved galleries and experience dig gold by yourself.

Barguzin Valley and some horses

Hunting and Fishing in Barguzin Taiga

9 days / 8 nights

Places for hunting in the Kurumkansky District are situated in the northern part nearby the Barguzin River. Very beautiful landscapes there. The route of the hunting itinerary includes the terrains of Chinanda, Dongodeya, Gagino and the mouth of Covili River.
You will stay in the hunting log cabins. The tour is inclusive of three meals a day and also cross-country transport and boats.
You can hunt for bears, wolves, foxes, Siberian stags, elks, roes and wild boars. Also, you will have a good chance for fishing for grayling and local kind of fish "Lenok".

Hunting in Barguzin Taiga

Mountaineering

Barguzin Mountain Range is like a huge mountain country with various peaks, rocky vertical slopes, canyons, and glaciers. A lot of alpinists, free riders and tourists are attracted by them. The highest tops are situated on the territory of Kurumkansky District.
There you can climb the peak under the name Baikal (2481 m) – the highest place of all mountain ranges surrounding Lake Baikal. It's a unique place with a marvelous panoramic view to watch the central and northern parts of the lake, Barguzin Valley, Ikatsky, South-Muisky and Baikalsky ranges.
Without doubt, mountaineering and free riding in Kurumkansky District have good perspectives for promotion and development.

Barguzin Mountain Range

Jerginsky Wildlife Reserve

At the end of the 20th century the Federal state institution "State Wildlife reserve "Jerginsky" was founded.
The main goal of the reserve is a preservation of nature complex of Ikatsky Mountain and the sources of Barguzin River. The territory of the reserve is a nature standard of north-east Lake Baikal's reservoir because it contains the source of Barguzin River, which is one of the biggest tributaries of Lake Baikal.
The distinctive feature of the Jerginsky reserve is the lack of industrial centers and any populations in the radius of 200 km.
At this time the Jerginsky reserve has 1208 animal species, which includes 1003 invertebrate species, 8 fish, 3 amphibians, 5 reptiles, 146 birds, and 43 mammal species. Flora of Jerginsky includes about 1170 species.
The staff of the Jerginsky Reserve can organize a tour for you through its territory.

Jerginsky Wildlife Reserve in Buryatia

Kuchiger Thermal Springs

Kuchiger springs are wide-known and popular since the 19th century. Spring water in combination with silt composes mud with unique characteristics.
Every year a lot of people from various parts of Russia comes here to take mud baths. Healing properties of the Kuchiger water and mud are truly legendary and even miraculous!
The composition of water: sulfate, sodium, hydrocarbonate with a high fluorine content, hydrogen sulfide, silica, pH 7,2-8,2. The temperature of water is 46-47°C.
Medicinal characteristics: Kuchiger thermal springs good for treatment diseases of the musculoskeletal system; diseases of bones, muscles, and tendons; gynecological and skin diseases; injuries of the peripheral nervous system.
Please note: consultation of the doctor is required before use.

Kuchiger Thermal Springs

Alla Thermal Springs

The canyon of Alla River is one of the most beautiful and sacred places in Barguzin Valley. Here is situated the thermal springs of Alla, that known since the middle of the 19th century. There are a lot of waterfalls and a trail going through the pass to Lake Baikal.
Friendly Evenks and Buryats will be glad to tell you the legend about two rocks Buraltar and Sahiltar as images of bellicose horses of two brothers born in the heavens. These brothers are considered to be the owners of these places. Local people believe that they protect the peace and beauty of the area.
Thermal springs represented by 46 outlets of water with a temperature from 59 to 77°C. Composition: sulfate-hydro, sodium, slightly radon water. Debit is 10 liters in second.
Medicinal characteristics: good for treatment of musculoskeletal and nervous system, gynecological and skin diseases, gastritis.

Alla river and Alla gorge

Buksyken Mineral Springs

Buksyken cold spring water is famous for its medicinal characteristics. Local people call such waters "Arshan".
Majestic mountains and a wonderful pine tree forest surrounding the mineral spring of Buksyken make it a perfect place for relaxation and treatment. Water runs down a steep rocky ledge in four streams forming a miraculous mineral spring.
Each of the four little streams has its own medical properties. First one is good for the heart, second – for the stomach, third helps in case of goiter, fourth is good for the eyes. The high content of silver in the Buksyken water explains it's named "Silver Arshan".
Medical characteristics: good for treatment musculoskeletal system, peripheral and central nervous system, digestive system and metabolism.

Buksyken Mineral Springs

Umkhey Thermal Springs

Umkhey resort is located on the island in the middle of Barguzin River between two mountain ranges – Barguzinsky and Ikatsky. You can enjoy the spring water and surrounding nature. Fishing and water rafting will make your holidays unforgettable together with the pine tree forest and fresh air. Also, you will have good opportunity to improve your health.
Thermal springs of Umkhey rise to the surface in 146 sources. The composition of water: hydro carbonate sulfate, sodium. Umkhey mineral springs are characterized by high fluorine content (10-18 mg/l), silica (70-85 mg/l), hydrogen sulfide (31 mg/l), pH 7,2-8,2. The water's temperature is about 50°C.
Medicinal characteristics: Umkhey water good for treatment musculoskeletal system, diseases of bones, muscles and tendons, gynecological and skin diseases, illness and the effects of injuries of the peripheral nervous system.

Umkhey Resort in Kurumkansky District of Buryatia

Garga Thermal Spring

Thermal spring of Garga (named for the Garga River) is known from 18th century. In 1775 it was described by the famous Russian academician I.G. Georgi.
The high spa-effect of the source is created by a special microclimate and the surrounding pine forest. There you will have a good opportunity for horseback riding, good fishing and enjoying the magnificent nature and the cleanest air.
The composition of water: sulphate-sodium siliceous nitric, slightly alkaline, containing radon. Water temperature 75°C.
Medicinal characteristics: good for treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system, diseases of bones, muscles and tendons, gynecological and skin diseases, consequences of injuries and other.

Garga Thermal Spring in Kurumkan, Buryatia

Seyu Thermal Spring

Seyu Thermal Spring is located near by the Haharhay River and the foot of Ikatsky Mountain Range. The wildlife reserve "Jerginsky" is also nearby. The coastline of the Seyu lake looks like a shape of a human foot trace. Lake doesn't freeze all year due to underground thermal springs. Unfortunately, today there is no tourist infrastructure there.
The composition of water: hydro-thermal sodium sulphate. Flow rate 15 cubic meters per second, mineralization 0.4 grams per liter, pH 9, water temperature 37-40°C.
Seyu water good for treatment musculoskeletal system, diseases of bones, muscles and tendons, gynecological and skin diseases, peripheral nervous system diseases.

Seyu Thermal Spring in Kurumkansky District of Buryatia

Baragkhan Cold Spring

Baragkhan Cold Spring is located in the historic part of Barguzin Valley, at the foot of the sacred for Buddhists Barkhan-Uula mountain, on the site where the Barguzin datsan used to be. Beautiful coniferous forest, peace, and quiet, healing mountain air and convenience of location distinguish this recreation center.
Locals believe: Baragkhan Cold Spring treats the heart, thyroid gland, stomach, and eyes.
Ultrafresh water with salinity (mineralization) less than 0,1 grams per liter contents calcium bicarbonate. By medical characteristics water of this Arshan is restorative.

Baragkhan Cold Spring in Kurumkan, Buryatia

Barkhan-Uula Mountain

Due to the Buddhist texts, there are five "sabdaks" (residences of the main spirits) in Buryatia and Mongolia. The northern residence is the mountain of Barkhan-Uula, a sacred place for the Buryats and Mongolian peoples.
Buddhists believe: a man who ascended a mountain will be associated with the mysterious power of this sacred place. On the rock of the mountain, there is an impressive picture of the Buddha, which can be seen only by people who follow a religious way of life. According to the Buryat mythology, the mountain Barkhan-Uula is the residence of the spiritual owners of the Barguzin Valley – Barkhan Babbai and Khazhar Sagan.
On the plateau of Teptekhey directly before the top of the mountain, there is a special ritual monument called "oboo". Important Buddhist ceremonies are held every year at the foot of the mountain, and ordinary believers are climbing the Barkhan-Uula Mountain as pilgrims.

Barkhan-Uula sacred mountain in Kurumkansky District of Buryatia

Contact Us

Visiting and Information Center of Kurumkansky District

Kurumkan, Baldakova st., 13 admkrm@icm.buryatia.ru +7 (301) 494-14-14