History of the Barguzin Valley exploration
The earlier inhabitants of the ancient country "Bargudzhin-Tokum" – Bargouts or Horchida Mongols represented a big union of ancient Mongol tribes. The ethnonym "Bargouts" comes from the Buryat word "barga", which means "wilderness", "the taiga".
The legends of the Barguzin Buryats tells that Barguzin Is directly related to Genghis Khan: the legendary ancestor of the Mongols Borto-Chino lived in the Barguzin Valley.
In 14-16th centuries Bargouts moved to the modern territory of Inner Mongolian China and still lives there.
In the middle of 17th-century Barguzin Evenk tribe settled the valley. The tribe had about a thousand people who were divided to Limagirs, Balikagirs, Namegirs, Pochegors, Kindigirs, Chilchagirs, Nyakugirs.
From 18th century Buryat Ekhirit tribe inhabited the western part of Lake Baikal and came to the Barguzin Valley. They formed following kins: Shono, Sengelder, Abzay, Buyanday, Segenuud, Emhenuud.
In 1648 a detachment of Cossacks, led by Ivan Galkin founded the Barguzinsky Ostrog (fort).